What Are You Looking For In A Career?
An average educated person aspires mainly for Position, Respect and Security. If you re looking for the same, then the civil Services is the right choice as it assures all these in a relatively short span of time.
What Are the Civil services?
Higher Civil Services under the Central Government are classified into All India services and Central Services. The All India Services comprise the Indian Administrative Service, the Indian Police service and the Indian Forest service. These Services are named so because they are common to both central as well as the state Governments. The Central Services constitute those services which work for the Central Government and comprise services like the Indian foreign Service, Indian Revenue Service, Indian Customs & central Excise Service, Indian Railway services, Indian postal Service, Indian Information Service etc.
Indian Administrative Service (I.A.S):
The Indian Administrative Service is considered to be the premier service in India and offers an attractive, challenging career. The members of the I.A.S. serve the state Governments or the Central Government and assist them in the administration of the country. Members of this service hold various administrative posts like District Collector, Heads of Departments, Heads of Public Enterprises at the state level etc. They can also be posted on deputation to the Central Government to the various posts.
Indian Police Service (I.P.S):
The Indian Police Service is primarily concerned with maintenance of Law and Order in the country. This is the premier uniformed civil service in the country. An I.P.S officer works for both the Central and State Governments. He serves the State Government in various capacities ranging from Assistant Superintendent of Police at the beginning of his career to the Director General of Police (who is the head of the police force in his state) at the stage of retirement. He can also serve the Central Government in various organizations like the Central Reserve Police Force, Border Security Force, Central Bureau of Investigation, Intelligence Bureau, Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) etc.
Indian Foreign Service:
The Indian Foreign Service is a Central Service and the premier diplomatic service of our country. Members of this service, primarily represent the country in the international arena. The service offers immense exposure to different political, social, ethnic and cultural milieu. An I.F.S officer can be posted in any of the Indian Embassies and Missions abroad. They can also be deputed to institutions like United Nations, UNESCO, World Bank, SAARC, etc. Back home, they can be posted in the Ministry of External Affairs and as Regional Passport Officers.
Indian Revenue Service (Income Tax):
This service deals with the matters concerning Income Tax. The members of this service, begin their career as Assistant Commissioners of Income Tax and may rise to the level of Chief Commissioners of Income Tax.
Indian Custom and Central Excise Service:
The members of this service man the Customs and the Central Excise Departments. They begin their Career as Assistant Collectors of Customs/Central Excise and may rise up in the hierarchy to the level of Chief Collector of Customs.
There are various other services like the Indian Railway Services, the Indian Postal Service, the Indian Information Service etc., which deal with various functional areas.
How To Achieve These Coveted Positions?
Entry into these services is through a combined, competitive examination held on an All India basis. The allocation of services depends upon the rank achieved by the aspirant and his / her preference. To appear at the Civil Service Examination one has to be a citizen of India, between the age group of 21-30 years and must hold a degree from any recognized university. The upper age limit is relaxable for specified categories.
SCHEME OF EXAMINATION
The quality of governance is critically dependent on the
quality of its public servants. A major determinant of the quality
of government servants is the rigour and integrity of the
recruitment process. Therefore, the recruitment process, apart from
being transparent, objective, fair and equitable should also ensure
that the right type of persons join the civil services. The present
structure of the civil services examination is designed accordingly.
The prevailing system of recruitment to the civil services
examination is based on the “comprehensive method” of selection. The
objectives of such a method are two fold i.e., to select aspirants
who are capable of continuously acquiring knowledge and skills, and
to find aspirants who are temperamentally and motivationally suited
and emotionally attached to the service to which they are appointed.
The Civil Service Examination consists of two successive stages- the
Preliminary and the Main examinations. The logic behind the
Preliminary Examination is to screen the candidates who apply and
select the most serious and qualified, for the main Examination.
The Preliminary examination is an objective type of examination and
is held in two papers viz. Paper-I and Paper-II. The syllabus of
Paper-I comprises ¨
Current Events of National and International importance
¨ History of India and
Indian National Movement ¨
Indian and World Geography ¨
Indian Polity and Governance ¨
Economic and Social Development
¨ General Issues on Environmental Ecology
¨ General Science.
The syllabus for Paper-II consists of
¨ Interpersonal skills
including communication skills
¨ Logical reasoning and analytical ability
¨ Decision making and
problem solving ¨
General mental ability ¨
Basic numeracy. ¨
English language skills.
The Preliminary examination is normally held in the month of May/
June for which the notification is released in the month of
November/ December of the previous year. Approximately two lakh
candidates appear at the examination, the results of which are
announced in the month of August. Approximately and 10000-12000
qualify for Main Examination.
The Main Examination is divided into two parts - the written and the
personality test. The written test, held in October/November
comprises three compulsory parts, which are General Studies, General
Essay an India Language and English. Apart from this, the candidate
must choose two optional subjects for the examination. The question
papers are of conventional essay type. Candidates who qualify at the
written part of the main Examination have to appear for the
personality test held in April/May.
The personality test is the final stage where the candidate is
interviewed to asses his/her personal suitability for a carrier in
public service. The test is intended to judge the mental caliber of
the candidate. The marks scored in the written test and the
personality test are added to determine the final order of merit.
Usually about 700 to 800 aspirants are certified for appointment.
The selected aspirants, after training, are assigned to various